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Infertility / Pregnancy

Infertility / Pregnancy

Excellence in OB/GYN:

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A major milestone in your family’s life is having a child. It marks the end of one stage and the beginning of another. Unfortunately, many families are unable to enjoy this wonderful experience because of infertility. Fortunately, our board-certified gynecologist can help. We’ve been providing comprehensive testing and treatment for years. Equally important, we provide the personal attention, support and compassion you want and deserve.

Infertility by the numbers.

Infertility is a common problem affecting 10 percent to 15 percent of couples in the United States. Of these couples, the woman is infertile 50 percent to 70 percent of the time. The man is the infertile partner in approximately 30 percent of the cases and contributes to the infertility problem in an additional 20 percent of cases.

What causes infertility?

Infertility in women can be due to a number of reasons, including being 35 years of age or older, a history of pelvic inflammatory disease, STDs, cervical problems, ovulatory problems and uterine factors. The causes of infertility in men include low sperm counts, abnormal sperm shape, hormone disorders, sexual dysfunction and lifestyle habits.

How is infertility diagnosed?

Dr. Shakira B. Karipineni starts by seeing you and your partner together to review your health histories and any testing or treatment that you’ve both had. She then conducts a traditional gynecologic exam and specific fertility tests, which may include a cervical mucus test, blood test, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) test or endometrial biopsy. If your condition warrants a more advanced test, we will recommend diagnostic laparoscopy, hysteroscopy or hysterosalpingography (contrast dye injected for X-ray visualization to uncover fallopian blockages).

Customized treatments.

Of course, treating any infection or underlying illness is obviously the first step, and we always looks at conservative options first. If your fertility problem is related to anovulation (failure to release an egg), we can attempt to bring about ovulation with medication or hormones. Blockages, tumors or other problems with the fallopian tubes usually require surgical repair. If you have endometriosis, we will recommend an outpatient procedure such as laparoscopy or endometrial ablation.


Once you get pregnant, you’ll need special care, especially if you have a health condition. Common conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes or blood disorders can quickly become serious complications that threaten the well-being of mothers and babies. We have helped thousands of women deliver healthy babies safely – even in high-risk situations. We are experienced at managing problems that can complicate pregnancy. Whether you have questions about infertility or you’re concerned that your pregnancy might be complicated by a medical condition, see us for the attentive, experienced care you and your baby need. Call to schedule your preferred appointment time today.

Please visit our Patient Education Library to read more about Pregnancy.

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